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Ground Balance
Author: Internet Tip
The Minelab Sovereign is worlds apart from a Fisher CZ or White's XLT first off both of these units use ground balance to filter out the ground signal. This is key when you filter out the bad you always filter out some of the good to put it simply. The Sovereign does not filter at all. In a traditional senseit Ground ID's and compares a ground signal with a target vs. a ground signal without a target. Because the Sovereign is using 17 frequencies to look through the ground, not only is it more accurate because it looks at the target 17 timesin a sense. It is a proven fact that different frequencies travel through different material at different rate of speed and intensity andtherefore affects depth penetration. If the ground you are hunting is hot on 12 Khz. then a Tesoro detector will do real well as will theSovereign because it hunts with a 12Khz signal, but the CZ and XLT will have trouble getting the depth because they do not have a 12kHZfrequency Now if the ground likes 4.5KHZ then the XLT or CZ7 will hit hard at better depth but so will the Sovereign because it also huntswith 4.5Khz., and so on and so on. See where we are going with this line... Now consider this, The Sovereign gives you a negative signal over 99% of all iron (only being fooled 1%) and in 99% of the time overiron, the Sovereign will report a Non-ferrous item in close proximity with that of a iron target and read it true every time. It does it likethis: it looks for the ground signal, then looks for the iron signal and then it looks for the Non-ferrous signal. If it sees the ground signaland no iron or Non-ferrous signal it reports nothing. If it sees the ground signal and an iron signal and no Non-ferrous signal it reportsonly the iron signal as a negative target "low gritty sound" through threshold. If it sees the ground signal, no iron and a Non-ferrous signal,it will report the Non-ferrous signal based on your discrimination setting. Now if it sees the ground signal and a iron signal it will look for a Non ferrous signal before reporting the iron signal if it sees the Non-ferrous signal with the iron signal it breaks out the Non-ferrous signal and reports the target based on your discrimination setting. This is called Iron Mask and when you see it at work you will never, and let me repeat that you will never go back to a XLT or CZ. I have hadcustomers completely search a yard with the XLT, forward backwards and diagonally, and get everything they could get out of the yard,then take the Sovereign into the same yard and recover more targets. a lot of the times the target is close proximity to a nail or other iron target. A dealer for Fisher, (and I mean a Fisher Dealer and Die Hard Fisher User) picks up a Sovereign XS in a field that was known to be littered with nails and other iron trash and hunted the field marking targets and how they read on a Sun Ray meter. They then came back and tradedit for the CZ and again hunted the same field this time the CZ found more targets and ID them as good targets. It could not see one of thetargets that the Sovereign did. Then this dealer went out and dug up all the items, all the items that the Sovereign read coins it ended up being a coin and in addition no iron was ID as good targets. The CZ could not make the same claim, it did not recover any more coins, but awhole lot more iron trash that read good. The target that the Sovereign ended taking the day on that the CZ did not ID was a 1903 SilverCanada nickel which is smaller than a US dime. It was recovered at a depth of 10" I rest my case.
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Art Collecting: For Profit and Pleasure
Author: Ivan Cavric
Have you ever considered collecting art for investment purposes? If you are at home or in your office take a quick look around. Chances are that you have some sort of art hanging on your walls. You or some else selected it because you need something to put on your walls and you liked the how it looks. In some cases the price may have been a consideration. Since you will buying art, why not select works that have investment potential?

When it comes to collecting art most people feel inadequate or intimidated. We have been led to believe that you require specialized knowledge to be an art collector. The critics and most experts donít offer any help either. Some are more interested in selling their particular showings rather than educating you how to become an art lover and a long term collector.

Collecting art can be very profitable and enjoyable. It is one of the few areas where you can have your proverbial cake and eat it too. Anyone can become a successful art collector. All it takes is to learn a few ground rules, most of which are common sense. Since you have read this far you have demonstrated that you possess common sense, now all you need to learn is a few basic rules.

However, before I get into the basics one point needs to be clarified. I am not writing about collecting the works of masters such as Dali, Monet, Van Gogh etc. For this type of collecting you do indeed need specialized knowledge that comes from years of study. Most of these works have proven their investment quality and serve as motivation for us to find the next great masters. And there will be new masters! The only question is which ones.

Thatís where the fun in art collecting is! You just may be the one of the few who started buying the early works of an artist who suddenly becomes famous. It is possible! Imagine for a moment having purchased some early works of an unknown artist named Picasso. Early in his career his works were affordable and easily available to anyone. Now, look where the prices for originals have gone to Ė some sell for millions. And since we have already established that you will be buying art anyway, why not buy art as an investment?
Who knows, in 5, 10 or 20 years the artist may be the next Dali.

Collecting art for investment purposes is much like treasure hunting. You have to dig through a lot of dirt to get a few gems, but they do exist. Collecting art is very affordable. Remember we only want to buy works of the yet undiscovered. There is a lot to choose from so be discriminate.

In order for you to build a collection, a valuable collection, lets go over a few basic rules. I call them basic because it is enough to get you started with confidence. Once you begin you will be able add to your knowledge from your own experiences. The great part about treasure hunting is that there is always something new to discover. So never stop learning!

Now to the basicsÖ

Collecting Art for Profit and Pleasure

1.Have a fixed budget allocated for collecting. Know how much you are willing to spend on an acquisition and how often acquisitions will be made. This is the first step because it will keep you focused. If you are starting out with only a few hundred dollars it doesnít make any sense looking at works in the thousands. Remember you are just starting out, stay focused.
2.Buy art that you like! Since you are collecting for pleasure as much as for profit you have to like the work. Never mind what anyone tells you about the investment potential, itís going on your wall and you have to like it!
3.Step 2 doesnít always work and there is a good chance that you may miss out on some extraordinary artists. Art is subjective and what one person considers as art others may think its junk. To avoid this, for every 3 pieces you purchase that you like, buy one that you particularly donít like, yet it fits your criteria as a possible investment grade collectible.
4.BUY ONLY ORIGINALS! Originals are one of a kind. Once an artist becomes well known there will be many collectors bidding but only one original will be available.
5.Limited Edition Prints are glorified POSTERS. In most cases the framing is worth more than the print. Serious collectors should avoid prints of any kind, even the prints of well known famous artists. In all probability the prices have been inflated. They should not be purchased or considered for investment purposes. For now donít waste your time.
6.Get a biography of the artist. Get as much documented information about the artist as possible. Most artists will provide you with information about themselves, where they studied and where their works have been shown. THIS IS A MUST, and it should be accompanied with the art. If they donít have a biography or basic information about themselves go to another artist. Move on!
7.Talk to the seller of the art. Try to verify that the work is an original and not a copy of an original. There are many talented artists who are able to duplicate the works of well known painters. The obvious copies you will be able to identify yourself (such as an oil of the Mona Lisa), others are more difficult. Ask questions and purchase only when you are satisfied with the answers.
8.YOU DONíT HAVE TO PAY THE ASKING PRICE! This is the fun part. Bargain, haggle and try to get it below the asking price. Prices are not set in stone. You just may be able to get it 50% or more below the asking price. You never know, some artists are truly starving artists. There is always room for negotiation.
9.Keep your receipts, cancelled checks and any other written information that accompanies the purchase. This is often overlooked yet it is a key part of serious collecting, regardless of the value of the piece. It is a good idea to write down where you purchased the art and the reasons why chose that particular piece. These records become part of the history of the art. Keep them in a safe place, I cannot stress enough how important this is for future valuation.
10.Take care of your collection. Keep the art out of direct sunlight, damp places and out of reach from unruly children and pets. Use common sense. Have proper insurance on valuable pieces and frequently update your records on various artists you are collecting.

Now you have the ten basic tools of collecting art for profit and pleasure. The Internet is a phenomenal resource. All kinds of information is available at the click of the mouse. It is also a good tool to share and promote your newly discovered artist. Keep in mind that the reason artists are famous is that they are well known. The more people you tell about the works you acquired the more will get to know the artist. Donít be shy, share your discovery with others. Everyone will benefit.

Finally, donít procrastinate, go out and start collecting. There is only one way I know of to become an experienced collector and that is to start as a novice. Everyone has to start somewhere. Donít get discouraged. Itís true that everyone is a critic, but the only critic that matters is YOU!

About the Author

Ivan Cavric is President and Managing Partner of PrimeQuest Capital Corp. For over a decade Mr. Cavric has provided investment business consulting services to private clients and corporations.


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